Major changes to air quality plans following public feedback
New proposals for tackling poor air quality on Tyneside have been developed in response to public feedback.
Changes to the plans, which must be implemented for 2021, could include a significantly smaller charging zone and a possible delay to the introduction of charges for car drivers.
Newcastle, Gateshead and North Tyneside councils have developed the revised proposals following consultation feedback, which highlighted concerns about the potential impact of charges on individuals, businesses and the local economy.
A shortlist of updated options, together with latest modelling data, has been submitted to government for review. The three shortlisted options are:
• the original proposal for a Low Emission Zone in Newcastle city centre with tolls on the Tyne, Swing and Redheugh bridges from 2021;
• a smaller charging Clean Air Zone covering only Newcastle city centre affecting all non-compliant vehicles, including buses, taxis, HGVs, vans and cars, from 2021;
• a smaller charging Clean Air Zone, again covering only Newcastle city centre, affecting all non-compliant buses, taxis, HGVs and vans from 2021 alongside junction changes and lane restrictions on the Tyne Bridge and Central Motorway.
The changes to the area covered by the Clean Air Zone reflect the fact that the vast majority of people who commented on it said they thought it was too big and would lead to re-routing of traffic through residential areas.
Making the area smaller would reduce the amount of re-routing and keep more traffic on main roads.
Many also raised concerns about how charges would affect people travelling to and from work, in particular shift workers and those on lower incomes, for whom switching to public transport or upgrading to a new car would be more difficult.
In response, councils are considering whether they could, subject to government approval, adopt an option which would delay introducing charges for private car drivers.
This would allow time for investment in public transport, walking and cycling routes to take place, creating better alternatives to driving, and allow time for councils to look at the impact of other measures before introducing any charges for car drivers.
It would also give car drivers some additional time to take steps to prepare, for example by replacing older cars with vehicles that meet emissions standards.
Other proposals under consideration in response to public feedback include:
• plans to discuss with operators the potential for creating new delivery hubs outside of any charging zone, allowing delivery drivers to drop off goods for onward ‘last-mile’ delivery by electric vehicle or cargo bike;
• financial support for taxi drivers, van drivers, bus and HGV operators to help them upgrade their vehicles to ensure they are compliant with emissions standards;
• a possible charge-free period overnight for off-peak deliveries and, if charges for cars are introduced, to support shift workers, who would not have access to public transport at that time of night;
• changes to the road layout on the Tyne Bridge and Central Motorway, including stopping traffic merging on and off the slip lane between the New Bridge Street and Swan House junctions and putting lane restrictions on the Tyne Bridge in 2021 as part of a £40m maintenance scheme, which is part of a wider funding bid to government.
Cllr Arlene Ainsley, cabinet member for transport and air quality at Newcastle City Council, said: “A clear message that came out of the consultation was that in order for people to make fewer journeys by car there had to be better alternatives in place – including better public transport, walking and cycling routes.
“We’ve taken this on board and we are looking at how we can achieve this, which could include exploring the potential for bus franchising or partnerships.
“We’re also looking at how we can protect low income households from the impact of charging, including whether it might be possible to delay charging car drivers until those better alternatives are in place and we can see the impact of other measures.”
Cllr Carl Johnson, cabinet member for transport and environment at North Tyneside Council, said: “Thanks to the feedback people gave us during the consultation, we have been able to develop the proposals to take account of the main areas of concern – particularly in relation to the potential impact of any charging.
“We are not yet at the stage where we can rule out any of these options but we are confident that the revised proposals address the key issues that people have raised in a way that also balances the impact on the local economy.”
Cllr Martin Gannon, leader at Gateshead Council, said: “People told us they wanted to us to prioritise investment in roads maintenance and public transport improvements and these are things we are focusing on.
“There is some additional work to do before we can make a final decision but we believe are now moving towards a package of measures that will comply with the legal order we have been given, respond to the consultation feedback and, most importantly, make our area cleaner and healthier for everyone.”
Further discussions on proposals will take place with directly affected people and organisations in early autumn before the final proposals are confirmed and submitted to government later in the year.
The government legal direction, issued in 2017, stated that councils had to prepare a plan to tackle high levels of nitrogen dioxide on certain roads.
It also made clear that councils had to consider a charging clean air zone and that any alternative proposals had to be at least as quick in addressing the problem of pollution as those charges would be.
Councils were required to identify measures that would bring air quality levels to within legal limits in the shortest possible time.
Public consultation on proposals put forward by Newcastle, Gateshead and North Tyneside councils took place between 6 March 2019 and 19 May 2019.
This focused on two charging options.
• Firstly, a Clean Air Zone where vehicles that do not meet minimum emissions standards would be charged to enter the zone.
The proposed area covered the routes identified by the government as places where levels of nitrogen dioxide would remain above legal limits without action being taken, as well as other areas where air quality was known to be an issue. These areas include Newcastle city centre and the existing Air Quality Management Areas in Gosforth and Gateshead town centre.
Proposed charges, based on those tested by other councils also considering a Clean Air Zone, were £50 per day for non-compliant HGVs, buses and coaches and £12.50 per day for non-compliant taxis, vans and private cars.
• Secondly, a Low Emission Zone with tolls. Under this proposal, a Low Emission Zone would cover Newcastle city centre and buses, HGVs and taxis that do not meet minimum emissions requirements would be banned from entering the zone.
Alongside this measure all HGVs, vans and private cars would pay tolls to cross the Tyne, Swing and Redheugh bridges.
Proposed tolls, based on the charges for vehicles using the Tyne Tunnel, were £3.40 per journey for HGVs and £1.70 per journey for vans and private cars.
The consultation also sought views on proposals for longer term investment, aimed at improving opportunities for people to use public transport, to walk and to cycle for more of their everyday journeys, and proposals for support measures to help people and businesses that would be affected if a charge is introduced.
Full details of the measures that were consulted on and the independent report on the findings can be found at www.breathe-cleanair.com