Air quality public consultation 2019 - summary of findings

Public willing to take action on air pollution – but support is needed

A partnership approach involving the public, businesses, councils and government is needed to tackle harmful levels of air pollution and many people are already, or would be willing, to play their part.

But improvements to public transport and walking and cycling routes are needed before many people, who said they rely on their cars for essential journeys, would feel able to change their travel behaviour.

These are some of the independent findings from the air quality public consultation that took place over 11 weeks earlier this year in the North East.

The consultation attracted over 20,000 responses from individuals, businesses, community groups and voluntary organisations – the largest participation in a survey of its type in the UK to date.

Newcastle, Gateshead and North Tyneside councils were seeking views on proposals for measures to improve air quality, which were developed following a government legal direction demanding action.

The direction ordered councils to develop proposals that would bring pockets of excessive pollution levels to within legal limits in the shortest possible time. Councils had to consider the impact of a charging Clean Air Zone, and any alternative measures would need to be at least as effective.

As well as a potential charging Clean Air Zone, the Tyneside councils also consulted people on alternative proposals for a Low Emission Zone with tolls on city centre road bridges.

The consultation responses included over 50,000 comments – all of which have been read as part of the independent analysis – from people from across the North East and beyond.

A number of key themes repeatedly emerged and there was widespread awareness that air quality is a serious health concern and a recognition that action is required to tackle it.

Proposals to charge drivers to use certain routes or to prevent some vehicles entering certain zones prompted a great deal of debate with many raising concerns about the potential financial and economic impact on people and businesses and the risk of shifting traffic and pollution into other areas.

But the majority of respondents agreed with proposals to help people prepare for air quality measures, including financial support to help people switch to public transport or upgrade vehicles and exemptions or grace periods for certain drivers.

Councils are continuing to develop and reshape the proposals in response to these independent findings and taking into account the latest modelling data, which is currently being gathered.

A revised legal direction from government earlier this month confirmed that the updated options would be submitted to Defra in August ahead of the final proposals in November and measures would be implemented from 2021.

You can also download a full copy of the independent consultation report below.



Background information

The government legal direction, issued in 2017, stated that councils had to prepare a plan to tackle high levels of nitrogen dioxide on certain roads.

It also made clear that councils had to consider a charging clean air zone and that any alternative proposals had to be at least as quick in addressing the problem of pollution as those charges would be.

Councils were required to identify measures that would bring air quality levels to within legal limits in the shortest possible time.

Public consultation on proposals put forward by Newcastle, Gateshead and North Tyneside councils took place between 6 March 2019 and 19 May 2019.

This focused on two charging options.


Firstly, a Clean Air Zone where vehicles that do not meet minimum emissions standards would be charged to enter the zone.

The proposed area covered the routes identified by the government as places where levels of nitrogen dioxide would remain above legal limits without action being taken, as well as other areas where air quality was known to be an issue. These areas include Newcastle city centre and the existing Air Quality Management Areas in Gosforth and Gateshead town centre.

Proposed charges, based on those tested by other councils also considering a Clean Air Zone, were £50 per day for non-compliant HGVs, buses and coaches and £12.50 per day for non-compliant taxis, vans and private cars.


• Secondly, a Low Emission Zone with tolls. Under this proposal, a Low Emission Zone would cover Newcastle city centre and buses, HGVs and taxis that do not meet minimum emissions requirements would be banned from entering the zone.

Alongside this measure all HGVs, vans and private cars would pay tolls to cross the Tyne, Swing and Redheugh bridges.

Proposed tolls, based on the charges for vehicles using the Tyne Tunnel, were £3.40 per journey for HGVs and £1.70 per journey for vans and private cars.


In addition, the consultation also sought views on proposals for longer term investment, aimed at improving opportunities for people to use public transport, to walk and to cycle for more of their everyday journeys, and proposals for support measures to help people and businesses that would be affected if a charge is introduced.

You can also read the full details of the measures that were consulted on.